TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Roads: Many built with foreign assistance. By
1989, approximately 2,900 kilometers paved roads, 1,600
gravel roads, 2,500 kilometers earthen roads. Main roads
and north-south highways. Terrain and weather,
monsoons, factors in building and maintaining roads.
Railroads: Average 1.5 million passengers
between FY 1985-89; goods transported between 15,000 and
tons (only 13,000 tons in FY 1990). Limited service, from
commercial centers in Tarai to railheads near Indian
separate rail tracks with total length of 101 kilometers;
south of the border through India.
Airports: Main airport Tribhuvan International
outside Kathmandu; more than thirty airfields. Domestic
international flights to and from Asian and European
Government-owned Royal Nepal Airlines in 1990 carried
domestic passengers, 317,095 passengers on international
Other Modes of Transportation: Forty-two
ropeway from Hetauda into Kathmandu valley transports
construction materials, and heavy goods. Local
service--common only in Kathmandu Valley.
Telecommunications: Postal service improved, but
inaccessible for many Nepalese; 2,232 post offices in FY
Public telephone services in most urban areas; forty-two
seventy-six public call offices, fifty-five wireless
stations in FY
1990. Rudimentary radio relay network. Radio programming
approximately 100 hours weekly. International telephone,
facsimile services available but limited. AM radio
stations, but no FM. Limited television programming.
Data as of September 1991