Location and Size: Landlocked between China and
total land area 147,181 square kilometers.
Topography: Mountainous and hilly, although with
diversity. Three broad physiographic areas run
Tarai Region in south; central lower mountains and hills
constituting Hill Region; high Himalayas, with
Mount Everest and other peaks forming Mountain Region in
total land area, only 20 percent cultivatable.
problem; by 1988 forests covered approximately 30 percent
Climate: Five climatic zones based on altitude
subtropical in south, to cool summers and severe winters
Annual rainfall with seasonal variations depending on
cycle, which provides 60 to 80 percent of total annual
2,500 millimeters in eastern part of country; 1,420
around Kathmandu; 1,000 millimeters in western Nepal.
Data as of September 1991