GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
Government: Constitutional monarchy. Multiparty
established with November 1990 constitution; replaced
panchayat system. First elections to bicameral
Parliament, made up of House of Representatives and
Council, held May 1991. Executive powers vested in king
of Ministers. Prime minister appointed by king leader of
party with majority in House of Representatives.
Administrative Divisions: Fourteen zones and
districts grouped into five development zones. Following
prodemocracy movement, former village panchayat
Village Development Committee and town panchayat
Municipal Development Committee. Each district headed by a
district officer responsible for maintaining law and order
coordinating works of field agencies of different
Judiciary: Blend of Hindu and Western legal
New judicial system established with 1990 constitution.
Court at apex of system; fifty-four appellate courts,
district courts. Judicial Council monitored court system's
performance, advised king and government on judicial
Foreign Relations: Foreign policy focused on
equidistant and friendly relations with India and China.
member of non-aligned movement; proposed as zone of peace
active member of South Asian Association for Regional
and international organizations.
Media: Approximately 400 Nepalese newspapers and
periodicals in 1991. Freedom of expression constitutional
Radio and television programming controlled by government.
Data as of September 1991