Faisal ibn Turki, 1888-1913
On assuming power in 1888, Faisal ibn Turki gradually
his authority over the interior weakened as tribal leaders
increasingly perceived his dependence on British advisers
inherent weakness. In 1895 he was forced to seek refuge at
fort after Muscat was captured. British political agents
frustrated his efforts to recapture Muscat, compelling him
court the French. He granted the French coaling facilities
their fleet at Bandar Jissah near Muscat.
Determined to thwart any growth in French presence in
Britain considered its sphere of influence, Britain
Faisal ibn Turki with an ultimatum in 1899 ordering the
board the British flagship or Muscat would be bombarded.
little recourse, Faisal ibn Turki capitulated. Publicly
humiliated, his authority was irreversibly damaged. In
asked Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, viceroy of India, for
permission to abdicate, but his request was denied.
Responsibility for the capital was delegated to Said ibn
Al Said, while affairs of the interior fell to an
Sulayman ibn Suwaylim. By 1913 control over the interior
completely lost, and a reconstituted imamate was again a
to Muscat. In May 1913, Salim ibn Rashid al Harthi was
imam at Tanuf and spearheaded a revolt against the sultan
combined both Hinawi and Ghafiri tribal groups.
Data as of January 1993