Railroads: In 1990 government-owned Sudan Railways
about 4,800 kilometers of 1.067-meter-gauge from Port Sudan to
most major interior production and consumption centers except
in far south. Also 716 kilometers of 1.6096-meter-gauge plantation
line. Substantial loss of rail traffic to road transport after
mid-1970s attributable to inefficient operations, but railroad
still important for low-cost volume movement of agricultural exports
and for inland delivery of heavy capital equipment, construction
materials, and other goods for economic development.
Roads: In 1990 road system of between 20,000
and 25,000 kilometers, of which more than 3,000 kilometers paved
or asphalted and about 3,700 kilometers gravel. Remaining roads
fair-weather earth and sand tracks.
Inland Waterways: In 1990, about 1,750 kilometers
navigable, but service on White Nile River in south largely discontinued
by civil war.
Civil Aviation: Government-owned Sudan Airways
in 1990 provided scheduled domestic air transport service to about
twenty towns; international service by Sudan Airways and foreign
airlines. Khartoum International principal airport; seven other
airports had paved runways.
Marine Ports and Shipping: Port Sudan and Sawakin
on Red Sea only deepwater ports; some modern port equipment available
but most cargo handling manual. National merchant marine (ten
ships of 122,200 deadweight tons in 1990) operated to Red Sea,
Mediterranean, European ports.
Pipelines: Petroleum-products pipeline, 815
kilometers long, from Port Sudan to Khartoum; intermediate offtake
point at Atbarah.
Data as of June 1991