The National Front for the Liberation of Angola
The FNLA was founded in 1954 as the Union of Peoples of
Northern Angola (União das Populações do Norte de Angola
Founded to advance the interests of the Bakongo rather
promote independence, the UPNA petitioned the UN in 1957
restoration of the Kongo Kingdom, an objective shared by
Alliance of Bakongo (Alliance des Bakongo--Abako) in the
Congo (present-day Zaire; see
Kongo Kingdom, this ch.).
important ties to the Bakongo in the Belgian colony and
the difficulties of operating in Angola, the UPNA was
Léopoldville (present-day Kinshasa, capital of Zaire). In
acknowledging the futility of its quest, the UPNA adopted
Union of Angolan Peoples (Unão das Populações de Angola --
and the aim of independence for all of Angola.
Data as of February 1989