The Caribbean lowlands consist of all of Colombia north
imaginary line extending northeastward from the Golfo de
the Venezuelan frontier at the northern extremity of the
Oriental. The semiarid Guajira Peninsula, in the extreme
bears little resemblance to the rest of the region. In the
part rises the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, an isolated
system with peaks reaching heights over 5,700 meters and
generally too steep for cultivation.
The Caribbean lowlands region is in roughly the shape
triangle, the longest side of which is the coastline. Most
country's commerce moves through Cartagena, Barranquilla,
Marta, and the other ports located along this important
Inland from these cities are swamps, hidden streams, and
lakes that support banana and cotton plantations,
farms, and, in higher places, cattle ranches.
The Caribbean region merges into and is connected with
Andean highlands through the two great river valleys.
Andean highlands, it is the second most important region
economic activity. Approximately 17 percent of the
population lived in this region in the late 1980s.
Data as of December 1988