The Central Committee elected by the Nineteenth Congress in
1986 included eighty-five members and sixty-five candidate
members. It was a smaller body than the Central Committee elected
at the Eighteenth Party Congress in 1981, which had an additional
six members and six candidate members. Fifty-seven members were
reelected to the Nineteenth Central Committee, eleven were
promoted from candidate membership, and seventeen were newly
appointed. No full members were demoted to candidate membership,
but twenty-four retired, died, or had been removed. Candidate
members filled the places of former Central Committee members.
The number of members on the Nineteenth Central Committee was
smaller than that of its predecessor, but the number of new
members increased by 20 percent and of new candidate members, by
77 percent. Thus, the composition of the new Central Committee
suggested trends toward reducing the size of the senior party
leadership, toward adding new members, and toward initiating the
newcomers through service first as candidate members.
In 1989 the Central Committee had twelve departments
responsible for managing specialized functions including a
general department for overseeing and coordinating party affairs.
The departments supervised cadres affairs; ideological matters;
party organization; military and security affairs; foreign
relations; planning and budget; industry; agriculture;
construction; transportation and communications; and education,
science, and health. Another key body, the Party Control
Commission, is subordinate to the Central Committee and is
responsible for maintaining internal party discipline and for
dealing with incidents that challenge party authority. There also
were a Higher Party School and an Institute of Social Studies
(formerly the Party History Institute), both of which had the
status of a Central Committee department.
Data as of June 1989