Located in the northwestern
part of the South Asian subcontinent, Pakistan became a state
as a result of the partition of British India on August 14, 1947.
Pakistan annexed Azad (Free) Kashmir after the Indo-Pakistani
War of 1947-48. Initially, Pakistan also included the northeastern
sector of the subcontinent, where Muslims are also in the majority.
The East Wing and West Wing of Pakistan were, however, separated
by 1,600 kilometers of hostile Indian territory. The country's
East Wing, or East Pakistan, became the independent state of Bangladesh
in December 1971 (see Yahya Khan and Bangladesh , ch. 1).
Data as of April 1994