National Conservation Goals
The National Conservation Strategy Report has three
explicit objectives: conservation of natural resources, promotion
of sustainable development, and improvement of efficiency in the
use and management of resources. It sees itself as a "call for
action" addressed to central and provincial governments, businesses,
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), local communities, and individuals.
The sustainable development of Pakistan is viewed as a multigenerational
enterprise. In seeking to transform attitudes and practices, the
National Conservation Strategy recognizes that two key changes
in values are needed: the restoration of the conservation ethic
derived from Islamic moral values, called qanaat, and
the revival of community spirit and responsibility, haquq-ul-abad.
The National Conservation Strategy Report recommends
fourteen program areas for priority implementation: maintaining
soils in croplands, increasing efficiency of irrigation, protecting
watersheds, supporting forestry and plantations, restoring rangelands
and improving livestock, protecting water bodies and sustaining
fisheries, conserving biodiversity, increasing energy efficiency,
developing and deploying renewable resources, preventing or decreasing
pollution, managing urban wastes, supporting institutions to manage
common resources, integrating population and environmental programs,
and preserving the cultural heritage. It identifies sixty-eight
specific programs in these areas, each with a long-term goal and
expected outputs and physical investments required within ten
years. Special attention has been paid to the potential roles
of environmental NGOs, women's organizations, and international
NGOs in working with the government in its conservation efforts.
Recommendations from the National Conservation Strategy Report
are incorporated in the Eighth Five-Year Plan (1993- 98).
Data as of April 1994