Population Distribution and Density
Pakistan's people are not evenly distributed throughout the country.
There is an average of 146 persons per square kilometer, but the
density varies dramatically, ranging from scarcely populated arid
areas, especially in Balochistan, to some of the highest urban
densities in the world in Karachi and Lahore.
About 68 percent of the population lived in rural areas in 1994,
a decrease of 7 percent since 1970. In contrast, the number of
people living in urban areas has risen substantially, resulting
in an urban growth rate of 4.6 percent between 1980 and 1991.
More than half of Pakistan's population is below the age of fifteen;
nearly a third is below the age of nine . For cultural reasons,
enumerating the precise number of females has been difficult--and
estimates of the percentage of females in the population range
from 47.5 percent in the 1981 census to 48.3 percent in the 1987-88
Labour Force Survey. Pakistan is one of the few countries in the
world with an inverse sex ratio: official sources claim there
are 111 men for every 100 women. The discrepancy is particularly
obvious among people over fifty: men account for 7.1 percent of
the country's total population and women for less than 5 percent.
This figure reflects the secondary status of females in Pakistani
society, especially their lack of access to quality medical care.
Data as of April 1994