THE NIMEIRI ERA, 1969-85
On May 25, 1969, several young officers, calling themselves the
Free Officers' Movement, seized power. At the conspiracy's core
were nine officers led by Colonel Jaafar an Nimeiri, who had been
implicated in plots against the Abbud regime. Nimeiri's coup preempted
plots by other groups, most of which involved army factions supported
by the SCP, Arab nationalists, or conservative religious groups.
He justified the coup on the grounds that civilian politicians
had paralyzed the decision-making process, had failed to deal
with the country's economic and regional problems, and had left
Sudan without a permanent constitution.
Data as of June 1991