In the southern half of the country, rich soil and
permit extensive agriculture, and in the drier and less
northern areas, pastoral economies are common.
percent of the land is cultivated and 45 percent is
grassland, some of which has been cleared for roads,
and farmland in the south. Approximately 13 percent of the
is set aside as national parks, forests, and game
Swampland surrounding lakes in the southern and central
supports abundant papyrus growth. The central region's
and savanna give way to acacia and cactus growth in the
Valuable seams of copper, cobalt, and other minerals have
revealed along geological fault lines in the southeast and
, ch. 3). Volcanic foothills in the
contain phosphates and limestone.
Data as of December 1990