POLITICAL STRUCTURE AND PROCESSES
The political triangle of army-party-state that has governed
Algeria since independence underwent significant changes under
the liberal reforms of Benjedid: a new constitution was adopted,
the constitutionally protected role of the FLN eliminated, and
the authoritarian lock on society loosened. Events since January
1992, however, have not only reversed those reforms but also reasserted
the central and preeminent role of the military in the government.
Algeria has been under a "state of emergency" almost since the
coup through late 1993, allowing the state to suspend almost all
rule of law. Although the civil institutions remained in existence,
Algeria in late 1993 was essentially a military autocracy whose
only functioning authority was the HCE and an advisory body called
the National Consultative Council (Conseil Consultatif National--CCN).
Created in February 1992 by presidential decree following the
dissolution of the APN, the CCN was intended, in the absence of
a working parliament, to function as an institutional framework
for enacting legislation. In practice, it was little more than
a rubber stamp for the HCE's proposals.
Data as of December 1993