Military courts try matters relating to espionage, state security,
and other offenses committed by military personnel. These courts
are also activated under periods of martial law and have been
used to try numerous Islamists, the most notable being Abbassi
Madani and Ali Benhadj, leaders of the FIS, which was banned in
1992. The courts consist of three civil judges and two military
judges. One of the civil judges presides.
High Judicial Council
The 1976 constitution provided for the establishment of a High
Judicial Council responsible for presiding over issues of judicial
discipline and implementation and the appointment of judicial
officials. The president of the nation serves as president of
the council, and the minister of justice serves as vice president.
The council is also charged with advising the president on the
exercise of his power to pardon.
Data as of December 1993