Transportation and Telecommunications
Highways: In 1990 about 35,100 kilometers of
which 31,200 hard-surface. Four main highways radiate from
Tbilisi, roughly in the cardinal directions, to Russia,
Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Black Sea. Tbilisi hub of Caucasus
region's highway system.
Railroads: 1,421 kilometers of track in 1993.
links with Russia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. Substantial
disruption in 1992-93 by civil war and fuel shortages. Tbilisi
hub of Caucasus region's rail transport.
Civil Aviation: National airline, Orbis,
direct flights from Tbilisi to some West European cities.
Passenger and cargo service limited by fuel shortages in 1991-94.
Nineteen of twenty-six airports with permanent-surface runways in
1993; longest runway, at Novoalekseyevka near Tbilisi, about
Inland Waterways: None navigable by commercial
Ports: Batumi, Poti, and Sukhumi on Black Sea,
international shipping connections to other Black Sea ports and
Pipelines: In 1992 approximately 370 kilometers
pipeline for crude oil, 300 kilometers for refined products, and
440 kilometers for natural gas. Subject to disruption.
Telecommunications: About 672,000 telephone
use in 1991, twelve per 100 persons; long waiting list for
International links overland to CIS countries and Turkey; lowcapacity satellite earth station in operation. Three television
stations and numerous radio stations broadcast in Georgian and
Data as of March 1994