Armed Forces: Defense policy made by Council
National Security and Defense, chaired by head of state. Main
forces-- National Guard (15,000 troops) and paramilitary Rescue
Corps (about 1,000 troops formerly known as the Mkhedrioni)--not
fully under government control in 1994. Plans call for national
force of 20,000 with two-year compulsory service. About 15,000
Russian troops remained in mid-1993, supplemented in fall of 1993
to prevent widening of civil war and to guard borders. In 1993
Georgia joined CIS mutual security agreements.
Major Military Units: Emphasis in early 1990s
establishing national ground forces, with small air force using
training aircraft. Most equipment obtained from Soviet (later
Russian) occupation forces--both legally, under official 1992
quota agreement, and illegally.
Military Budget: In 1992 estimated at US$23.6
or 8.3 percent of budgeted expenditures.
Internal Security: Since 1992 intelligence
under Information and Intelligence Service, chaired by head of
state. Ministry of Internal Affairs combined security agencies in
1993. Government police authority uneven; white-collar and
highway crime rampant in some regions.
Data as of March 1994