In the late 1980s, Hungary's coal deposits totaled
billion tons and included hard coal (about 15 percent of
total), brown coal (30 percent) and lignite (55 percent).
Hungarian coal generally has a low energy content and lies
great depths in thin seams, making mining difficult and
Deep mines in the Mecsek Mountains near Pecs and Komlo
dusty hard coal and coal suitable for coking. Thick layers
higher-quality brown coal lie 200 to 300 meters beneath
and Dorog, while lower-quality brown coal lies under the
Carpathian foothills near Miskolc and in the central
Plain. The Varpalota Basin in Veszprem County and the
slopes of the Matra Mountains yield lignite. Hungarian
predict that the country's coal reserves will last about
years at the production levels attained in the late 1980s.
Hungary's natural-gas and oil deposits are far smaller
its coal reserves. The country's largest natural-gas
located near Szeged, Hajduszoboszlo, and Miskolc.
hoped to discover additional natural-gas deposits but
that natural-gas reserves would run dry in fifteen to
years. Small crude-oil deposits lie beneath Szeged, Zala
and other areas. The Zala crude is highly viscous and
to transport. Wells at Lispeszentadorjam, Lovaszi, and
sites yield high-quality oil, but in the late 1980s the
were almost exhausted. In the late 1970s, drillers struck
the mid-Danube-Tisza region (the central part of the
near Sarkeresztur, Endröd, and Ulles. However, geologists
anticipated no new major oil discoveries and expected the
to run dry by the year 2000.
In the 1950s, Hungary began mining uranium near Pecs
Soviet assistance. In the late 1980s, estimates of the
size of the country's uranium deposits were unavailable,
official sources indicated that Hungary had uranium
sufficient to supply its domestic needs until about the
2020. In the mid-1980s, the Soviet Union guaranteed
future nuclear-fuel needs.
Data as of September 1989