Other Parties and Independents
Like the Democratic Socialist Party, the tiny Social
Alliance was formed, in 1978, by defectors from the Japan
Party. A non-Marxist party in the social democratic
won four seats in the February 1990 general election and
these seats in the July 1993 election. The Shinseito was
June 1993 by former finance minister Hata Tsutomu and
secretary general Ozawa Ichiro. Made up mainly of LDP
Shinseito gained 55 seats in the July 1993 election and is
element of the Hosokawa coalition. The party tends to be
conservative on foreign and defense policy issues. The
also was formed by LDP defectors in June 1993. It gained
seats in the July 1993 election. Led by Takemura Masayoshi
Sonoda Hiroyuki, it also joined the Hosokawa coalition.
it, like the Shinseito, was described as a center-right
party, members of the Sakigake were "wary of the strength"
Shinseito, especially the Ozawa faction. The Japan New
by Prime Minister Hosokawa Morihiro, was formed in May
former members of the LDP disgusted with LDP policies and
with prompting political reform. The thirty-five members
House of Representatives that it elected in the July 1993
are part of the Hosokawa coalition.
A relatively large number of candidates ran as
general elections. Thirty of them were elected in the July
balloting, but the majority later affiliated themselves
parties. In August 1993, eight seats in the House of
Representatives were listed as independent, five were
with the LDP, and three with the Hosokawa coalition.
Data as of January 1994