Size: Total 377,835 square kilometers; land area
Topography: Mountainous islands with numerous
active volcanoes. Four main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu,
Kyushu) and numerous smaller islands to north and south,
to earthquakes. Highest point Mount Fuji (3,776 meters).
rapidly flowing rivers largely unnavigable but provide
irrigation and hydroelectric-power generation.
Climate: Generally rainy; high humidity. Diverse
range: warm summers and long cold winters in north; hot
summers and short winters in center; and long, hot, humid
and mild winters in southwest.
Data as of January 1994