Gross National Product (GNP): US$3.7 trillion;
GNP US$29,760 in 1992.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): US$3.3 trillion;
GDP US$27,005 in 1991.
Resources: Coal reserves in north and southwest;
otherwise, minerals negligible. Most resources, including
all nonrenewable energy sources, imported.
Mining and Manufacturing: 29.3 percent of GDP in
Basic industries: automobile manufacturing and consumer
electronics. Nonferrous metals, petrochemicals,
bioindustry, aerospace, textiles, and processed foods also
important. Older heavy industries--mining, steel, and
-in decline but still important worldwide. High-technology
industries prevalent, e.g., semiconductors, computers,
fibers, optoelectronics, video discs, facsimile and copy
and industrial robots.
Services: 55.7 percent of GDP in 1991. Wholesale
retail trade dominant. Advertising, data processing,
tourism, leisure industries, and entertainment growing
Agriculture: 2.3 percent of GDP in 1991. Intense
cultivation of diminishing arable land, already in short
Rice grown on most farmland, and intercropping common.
Heavy use of
fertilizers, mechanization, and experimental high-yield
About 70 percent of country covered with forests; large
industry. World's largest fishing nation; seafood
essential to food
Exports: Approximately US$287 billion in 1990.
partners United States, Germany, Hong Kong, South Korea,
Imports: Approximately US$235 billion in 1990.
partners United States, South Korea, Australia, China,
Balance of Payments: Large and growing positive
balance since early 1980s. Exports represented 55 percent,
45 percent of total annual trade in 1990.
Fiscal Year: April 1-March 31.
Exchange Rate: ¥110.42 = US$1 (December 1993).
Data as of January 1994