Population: 124,711,551 in July 1993; nearly 80
in urban areas. High population density; 329.5 persons per
kilometer for total area; 1,523 persons per square
habitable land. More than 50 percent of population lives
percent of land.
Ethnic Groups: 99.4 percent Japanese and 0.6
other, mostly Korean and some Chinese. Ainu and
buraku constitute native Japanese minority groups.
Language: Japanese. Emphasis on English as
Religion: Most (84 percent) observe both Shinto and Buddhist rites, and 16 percent other religions, including 0.7 percent Christian.
Health: In 1993 life expectancy 76.4 for males
for females. Mortality rate 7.2 per 1,000 population.
system in 1990 included 9,000 general hospitals, 1,000
hospitals, and 1,000 comprehensive hospitals with total
1.6 million beds, plus nearly 81,000 outpatient clinics
than 52,000 dental clinics. Approximately 212,000
74,000 dentists, and 395,000 nurses, primarily in urban
Education: Compulsory, free nine-year education
by public and private upper-secondary schools and
preschool and after-school education. Elementary school
through 6; lower-secondary school grades 7 through 9; and
uppersecondary school grades 10 through 12. About 94 percent of
lowersecondary school graduates attend upper-secondary schools.
507 universities, of which 372 private, formed top echelon
7,392 institutions of postsecondary education. Supervised
Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture. Literacy rate
percent in 1993.
Data as of January 1994