TRANSPORTATION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Maritime: Primarily on coastal seas. Inland Sea
Naikai) serves major industrial areas of central Japan.
Railroads: In late 1980s, about 18,800
routes run by Japan Railways Group; another 3,400
operated by private companies. Small, new companies
private and local government funds. Electric-powered
"bullet" trains operate at speeds up to 240 kilometers per
special track. Key bridges and tunnels carrying trains and
automotive transportation link four major islands.
Subways: Major cities served by full metro
which Tokyo largest. Supplemented by light rail in
Roads: 1,114,697 kilometers of roads in 1990; 69
paved. Extensive expressway and highway network.
Ports: Largest ports at Yokohama, Nagoya, and
major facilities at Chiba, Hakodate, Kitakyushu, Kushiro,
Tokyo, and Yokkaichi.
Airports: International facilities at Tokyo
Haneda), Osaka, Nagoya, Nagasaki, Fukuoka, Kagoshima, and
Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways major world
along with Japan Air System and South-West Air Lines, also
Telecommunications: World-class radio and
systems available to virtually all citizens. Persons
remote and mountainous areas receive transmissions via
About 64 million telephones in use in 1993.
Data as of January 1994