The Caribbean Lowlands
This area of river valleys and coastal plains, which
Honduras call "the north coast," or simply "the coast,"
traditionally been Honduras's most exploited region. The
part of the Caribbean lowlands, east of La Ceiba, is a
coastal plain only a few kilometers wide. To the east and
this section, however, the Caribbean lowlands widen and in
extend inland a considerable distance along broad river
The broadest river valley, along the Río Ulúa near the
border, is Honduras's most developed area. Both Puerto
country's largest port, and San Pedro Sula, Honduras's
capital, are located here.
To the east, near the Nicaraguan border, the Caribbean
broaden to an extensive area known as the Mosquitia.
western part of the Caribbean lowlands, the Mosquitia is
least-developed area. Underpopulated and culturally
the rest of the country, the area consists of inland
swamps and mangrove near the coast. During times of heavy
much of the savannah area is covered by shallow water,
transportation by means other than a shallow-draft boat
Data as of December 1993