Although all of Honduras lies within the tropics, the
types of each of the three physiographic regions differ.
Caribbean lowlands have a tropical wet climate with
high temperatures and humidity, and rainfall fairly evenly
distributed throughout the year. The Pacific lowlands have
tropical wet and dry climate with high temperatures but a
dry season from November through April. The interior
have a distinct dry season, but, as is characteristic of a
highland climate, temperatures in this region decrease as
Unlike in more northerly latitudes, temperatures in the
vary primarily with elevation instead of with the season.
Land below 1,000 meters is commonly known as tierra
(hot land), between 1,000 and 2,000 meters tierra
(temperate land), and above 2,000 meters tierra
land). Both the Caribbean and Pacific lowlands are
caliente, with daytime highs averaging between 28° C
and 32° C
throughout the year. In the Pacific lowlands, April, the
of the dry season, brings the warmest temperatures; the
season is slightly cooler, although higher humidity during
rainy season makes these months feel more uncomfortable.
Caribbean lowlands, the only relief from the year-round
humidity comes during December or January when an
cold front from the north (a norte) brings several
strong northwest winds and slightly cooler temperatures.
The interior highlands range from tierra
tierra frķa. Tegucigalpa, in a sheltered valley and
elevation of 1,000 meters, has a pleasant climate, with an
high temperature ranging from 30° C in April, the warmest
25° C in January, the coolest. Above 2,000 meters,
fall to near freezing at night, and frost sometimes
Rain falls year round in the Caribbean lowlands but is
throughout the rest of the country. Amounts are copious
north coast, especially in the Mosquitia, where the
rainfall is 2,400 millimeters. Nearer San Pedro Sula,
slightly less from November to April, but each month still
considerable precipitation. The interior highlands and
lowlands have a dry season, known locally as "summer,"
November to April. Almost all the rain in these regions
during the "winter," from May to September. Total yearly
depend on surrounding topography; Tegucigalpa, in a
valley, averages only 1,000 millimeters of precipitation.
Honduras lies within the hurricane belt, and the
is particularly vulnerable to hurricanes or tropical
travel inland from the Caribbean. Hurricane Francelia in
Tropical Storm Alleta in 1982 affected thousands of people
caused extensive damage to crops. Hurricane Fifi in 1974
worst natural disaster in recent Honduran history; more
people were killed, and nearly the entire banana crop was
destroyed. Hurricanes occasionally form over the Pacific
north to affect southern Honduras, but Pacific storms are
less severe and their landfall rarer.
Data as of December 1993