The smallest physiographic region of Honduras, the
lowlands, is a strip of land averaging twenty-five
on the north shore of the Golfo de Fonseca. The land is
becoming swampy near the shores of the gulf, and is
of alluvial soils washed down from the mountains. The gulf
shallow and the water rich in fish and mollusks. Mangroves
the shore make shrimp and shellfish particularly abundant
providing safe and abundant breeding areas amid their
networks of underwater roots.
Several islands in the gulf fall under Honduras's
The two largest, Zacate Grande and El Tigre, are eroded
part of the chain of volcanoes that extends along the
of Central America. Both islands have volcanic cones more
meters in elevation that serve as markers for vessels
Honduras's Pacific ports.
Data as of December 1993