Graduate Education and Research
Graduate schools became a part of the formal higher
system only after World War II and are still not stressed
1990s. Even though 60 percent of all universities have
schools, only 7 percent of university graduates advance to
programs, and total graduate school enrollment is about 4
of the entire university student population.
The pattern of graduate enrollment is almost the
that of undergraduates: the majority (63 percent) of all
students are enrolled in the national universities, and it
that the disparity between public and private graduate
is widening. Graduate education is largely a male
women, particularly at the master's level, are most
represented in the humanities, social sciences, and
are frequently found in engineering programs where, at the
level, women comprise only 2 percent of the students. At
doctoral level, the two highest levels of female
found in medical programs and the humanities, where in
30 percent of doctoral students are women. Women account
13 percent of all doctoral enrollments.
The generally small numbers of graduate students and
graduate enrollment profile results from a number of
especially the traditional employment pattern of industry.
private sector frequently prefer to hire and train new
graduates, allowing them to develop their research skills
the corporate structure. Thus, the demand for students
advanced degrees is low.
Data as of January 1994