In addition to regular police officers, there are
thousand officials attached to various agencies who
duties relating to public safety. They are responsible for
matters as railroad security, forest preservation,
control, fishery inspection, and enforcement of
maritime, labor, and mine safety.
The largest and most important of these
public safety agencies is the Maritime Safety Agency, an
bureau of the Ministry of Transportation that deals with
coastal waters and maintains facilities for safeguarding
navigation. The agency operates a fleet of patrol and
in addition to a few aircraft used primarily for
patrols and rescue activities. In 1990 there were 2,846
in and on the waters. In those incidents, 1,479 people
were lost and 1,347 people were rescued.
There are other agencies having limited public safety
functions. These agencies include the Labor Standards
Office of the Ministry of Labor, railroad police of Japan
Group, immigration agents of the Ministry of Justice,
inspectors of the Ministry of Posts and
revenue inspectors in the Ministry of Finance.
A small intelligence agency, the Public Security
Office of the Ministry of Justice, handles national
matters both inside and outside the country. Its
activities are not
generally known to the public.
Data as of January 1994