In 1990 Peru had one of the freest and most varied
the world, with virtually no curbs on what was published.
best-established and largest circulating newspaper was the
slightly conservative daily, El Comercio.
owned by former minister of economy and finance Manuel
also slightly to the right of center. A variety of
dailies included Cambio, El Diario de Marka,
La República. Hoy was the pro-APRA daily.
Diário was a pro-SL newspaper that used to be
in Lima and circulated approximately 5,000 copies a day.
government closed it in late 1988, after the editor was
of being a member of the SL, but it reappeared the next
year as a
weekly. A state-owned newspaper, El Peruano,
daily listing of decrees and government proceedings.
magazine was a right wing weekly, Caretas and
were centrist weeklies. Quehacer was a bimonthly
publication sympathizing with the left.
Peru had a total of 140 state and privately owned
channels. Channel 4, the state-owned channel, provided
well-balanced news, as it had fierce competition from its
competitors. The popular weekly news program, "Panorama,"
broadcast in-depth interviews with a wide range of
politicians, and even guerrillas, was quite influential.
MRTA, for example, made its entrance into national
its takeover of Juanjuí in San Martín Department was aired
Peru's media were in general varied, competitive, and
informative, and options from all sides of the political
were available. Peru's population was a highly informed
even the poorest people usually having access to
early 1991, when the intelligence police found a video of
Guzmán Reynoso dancing in a drunken stupor, it was aired
national television. When in early 1991 President Fujimori
Decree Law 171, the media played a major role in raising
awareness as to the impunity that it imparted onto the
forces and the threat that it posed to investigative
in the emergency zones. The publicity was in part
the repeal of the decree in Congress. Indeed, the extent
freedom of the press continued to exist in Peru, despite
other obstacles to democratic government, was an important
positive force for Peru's democracy.
Data as of September 1992