THE SUBORDINATE BRANCHES: THE REGIME AND ITS CONSTITUENCY
The Egyptian state was by no means "captured" by Egypt's
bourgeoisie; it retained its essential autonomy and often put its
own interests ahead of those of the upper classes, whether the
issue was control of the economy or the need to placate the masses
and maintain social peace. But, beginning under Sadat, the regime
gradually came to share power with the business, landed, and
professional strata that made up a large portion of the most
politically active public and represented its main constituency.
This power sharing was essentially channeled through parliament,
interest groups, the judiciary, and the press.
Data as of December 1990