Training and Morale
Prior to independence, the French conducted all
training. In 1966 the Malagasy government, with French
assistance, established the Military Academy (Académie
at Antsirabe. This school trains officers for the armed
the National Gendarmerie, and the Civil Service. In 1967
first students enrolled in a three-year program that
courses in military and civic affairs. Students specialize
letters or sciences. A few foreign officers, usually from
francophone African countries, also study at the Military
The May 1972 student strikes affected the Military
which temporarily suspended examinations after students
complained about the curriculum. Over the next several
academy officials agreed to appoint a committee to review
possibility of modernizing course material, examinations,
requirements, and general educational policies.
In addition to training officers at the Military
Malagasy government annually selects a small number of
candidates to attend the French Military Academy at St.
Also, until military relations were severed in the
Malagasy and French units participated in joint annual
During the Cold War, hundreds, if not thousands, of FAP
personnel received military training from several East
countries, including the former Soviet Union, the former
Cuba, and the Korean Democratic Republic (North Korea).
in the mid-1980s, France resumed training limited numbers
Malagasy military personnel. Additionally, the United
started an International Military Education and Training
program that sought to enhance the FAP's professional
reduce dependency on East European countries. By the early
the United States had expanded the IMET program to include
management and technical training with emphasis on
engineering skills and medical courses.
Historically, morale in the armed forces has been
good, if for no other reason than the military provides
security in a country plagued by high unemployment.
côtiers who have been conscripted to serve in the
resent the lack of opportunity and the Merina domination
officer corps. Also, with the decline of foreign military
assistance since the end of the Cold War, poor morale has
a problem in many FAP units.
Data as of August 1994