Aquatic production increased slowly after the 1950s, reaching
6.2 million tons in 1985. Output is composed of both marine and
freshwater fish, shellfish, and kelp. Marine products contributed
63 percent to total aquatic production. Fishermen collected more
than 83 percent of marine output from the open seas. The remaining
17 percent of output came from sea farms along China's coasts.
The freshwater catch accounted for 37 percent of total aquatic
output in the mid-1980s. Fish farming in ponds accounted for 80
percent of the total freshwater catch; only 20 percent was
collected in natural rivers, lakes, and streams. Fish from all
sources provides consumers with an important source of protein and
added variety in their diet.
Data as of July 1987